To mark the centenary of the beginning of World War I ROSPHOTO and the Museum of Military Medicine have launched an exhibition project dedicated to charity events and activities that took place during World War I
During World War I the mankind faced many serious problems of a humanitarian character: how to organize treatment of the vast number of wounded and provide care for the refugees and what to do with the legion of captives.
Representatives of all strata of Russian society including the members of the House of Romanov, noblemen, merchants and industrialists, private companies, governmental and educational institutions took an active part in providing medical care to the wounded. On the money raised through private donations they opened a lot of new hospitals, while many individuals financed either one or two or ten beds for wounded soldiers in the field and stationary hospitals.
The first part of the display covers the activities of the communities of the sisters of mercy, hospitals and medical trains, which were under the patronage of the Empress Alexandra: the Grand Duchess Tatiana hospital “Care for the Wounded,” the Empress Maria evacuation hospital in Petrograd, the Empress Alexandra medical convoy of the Imperial Automobile Society of Her Majesty’s Tsarskoye Selo medical train.
The second section of the exhibition is dedicated to the activities of the military medics, surgical operations in the field, treatment of the seriously wounded and recovering patients. It also features a number of photographs showing humane attitude to the German and Austrian prisoners of war in accordance with the 1907 Regulations, Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land.
In summer 1915 there were 566 hospitals for 45 thousand patients in Petrograd, 90 percent of which had been founded on a pro-bono basis. The exhibition features the pictures depicting some of the privately owned hospitals: the Yusupov hospital, the Company Nobel Brothers’ hospital, the ambulance hospital of the Petrograd higher education institutions, the Second dressing station of the pan-Russian Zemsky Union, the hospital in the Sophia Child Clinic in Moscow, the private hospital of Kozhevina.
Russia suffered huge losses during World War I. About 1 million soldiers and officers were killed and about 3 million were wounded. All layers of Russian society were involved in helping the wounded. The pictures on display demonstrate the scale and diversity of various charitable events and projects, which helped the country to cope with important issues concerning treatment of the wounded during wartime.
Humanitarian photography, 1863-1945From the archives of the International Committee of the Red Cross, TASS and the State Museum of Contemporary History of Russia
Events of WWI from a point of view of two participants of the conflict – a Russian and German gunner officers
The project presents 96 pieces created during the period from the middle of the 1930s to 1942 and sheds light on the process of selecting photographs for official Soviet print media
Dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Break of the Siege of Leningrad (18 January 1943)
Photographs and artworks created by the members of the detachments during the Battle of Berlin
Works of two Russian photographers, Denis Sinyakov (France Presse) and Sergei Ponomaryov (Associated Press) that give one an internal view of the Lebanon-Israel war
On the 75th anniversary of breaking the siege of Leningrad
The unique items on view include original pieces of mail and digital copies of postal production dating from 1941–1945
Unique photographic documents from the collection of ROSPHOTO and from the collection of Anna Khaldei, Yevgeny Khaldei’s daughter
Photographs by Soviet war correspondents from the collection of ROSPHOTO